This map shows nearby Cadw properties.

Cadw is not an acronym, it is the Welsh word for Keep, and it’s pronounced Káddoo. Cadw keeps (looks after) our national heritage properties, such as castles. It is the Welsh equivalent of English Heritage.

There has been a lot of work (£6 million worth) recently on Harlech Castle, and a new visitor centre (shop and café) was completed in 2016 together with a Calatravian connecting bridge by engineers Mott Macdonald. The castle  is a must-see on everyone’s itinerary.

Harlech Castle is said by UNESCO to be “one of the finest examples of late 13th century military architecture in Europe”, and is the main reason why Harlech is listed as a World Heritage Site.


This map shows nearby National Trust properties.

Curiously it only shows the ones you have to pay for. Allt-y-Mor, the field opposite Murmur-y-Don given to the National Trust by Jane Williams in 1923, is of course free.

You might be surprised that the National Trust’s very first property, the one that started the whole majestic enterprise, is also not shown. It’s only 9 miles down the road.

This is Dinas Oleu, in Barmouth. It’s a field above the town, with marvellous views. And of course it’s free to visit. So why mention it?

Another place missing from the map is Porth Oer on the Lleyn Peninsula. Strictly speaking it’s free, but you have to pay the National Trust for parking or else factor in a long walk. Here are the famous Whistling Sands, which squeak as you walk along them. It is a bizarre experience, and certainly merits a detour.